With the rapid development of China's health food industry, the management of its raw materials and products needs to be continuously improved to meet the growing needs of the people for a better life. The United States has the largest health food market in the world, which provides material for health food researchers and regulation-making departments in China to draw on. So, let's take a look at the industrial economy and related laws regarding Dietary Supplement in the United States. Here are some answers.
Here is the content list:
l The Dietary Supplement industry is an important part of the US economy.
l Laws relating to the Dietary Supplement in the US.
The Dietary Supplement industry is an integral part of the US economy and the industry has always been committed to a positive trade balance. It is estimated that 600 Dietary Supplement manufacturers in the United States produce approximately 4,000 products, with annual sales of at least $4 billion for these products alone. To promote health, the US government has taken legislative action to protect consumers' rights to safe Dietary Supplements and to establish a rational federal framework to replace the ad hoc patchwork of Hard capsules regulatory policies, thus amending the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and creating the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA). The DSHEA was an important milestone in the regulation of the Dietary Supplement in the US.
In addition to the FD&C Act and DSHEA, the Nutrition Facts Labeling and Education Act of 1990, an amendment to the FD&C Act, requires that most foods must have a nutrition facts label and that the food label posted must contain a statement of nutrient content, as well as some health information to meet specific requirements. The Dietary Supplement Good Manufacturing, Packaging, Labelling and Storage Practices (CGMP), issued in 2007, covers the requirements for personnel, premises, equipment and facilities, production and process control systems (quality control, package labeling, manufacturing records, batch production records, laboratory operations, manufacturing operations, packaging and labeling operations), storage and transport, repatriation of the Immunity increases, product complaints, records, and documentation. The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) of 2011 amended the FD&C Act concerning the safety aspects of the food supply, with an emphasis on improving prevention, monitoring, and response to food safety issues. The Food Safety Modernisation Act 2011 (FSMA) amends the FD&C Act regarding the safety aspects of the food supply, to improve the prevention, monitoring, and response to food safety issues so that the industry and consumers can better understand and implement the Act. Draft Guidance Document New Dietary Supplement Declarations and Related Issues, food Labelling Guidelines.
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Fish oil is already a familiar health product. People who are usually busy with work, overuse their brains, middle-aged and elderly can increase their memory, improve their concentration and prevent dementia by taking Fish oil afterward.
This is the list of contents：
·Protect your eyesight
·Regulates blood lipids
·Prevention of blood clots
·Regulating blood pressure
·Boosts the immune system
·Relieves joint aches and pains
Fish oil has a brain-boosting effect, by promoting the rapid development of brain cells, it can play a role in improving memory, as well as intellectual decline, forgetfulness, and the effects of dementia. A proper intake of Fish oil in life can effectively help us to increase the DHA content in the brain, which is also helpful for brain cells, whether it is for the elderly or children. When the DHA content is increased, it can promote the nerve health of our brain and allow them to grow and develop at an increased rate. It also provides some relief for our memory and our brain's sensory abilities.
Protect your eyesight
For people who use their eyes a lot, taking Fish oil regularly can help to relieve eye strain and protect your eyesight. Fish oil can provide the DHA needed to reduce the risk of eye disease and eye fatigue because of the large amount of DHA needed in the brain and retina.
Fish oil can reduce the levels of LDL, cholesterol, and triglycerides in the blood. It also provides beneficial HDL, which helps to accelerate the metabolism of saturated fatty acids in the body and prevent the long-term accumulation of fatty acids in the walls of blood vessels.
The substances in Fish oil can effectively control blood lipids, so it is good for cardiovascular protection and can also prevent the development of cardiovascular diseases. Unhealthy eating habits can often lead to an increase in blood lipids, causing a risk of cardiovascular disease. can reduce the risk of angina and heart attacks.
Many people suffer from blood clots and cerebral infarction due to increased blood viscosity, and taking Fish oil can reduce blood viscosity and prevent blood clots, cerebral thrombosis, and cerebral infarction.
High blood pressure is a chronic disease and Fish oil is effective in relieving tension in blood vessels, preventing blood vessel spasms, and regulating blood pressure.
Fish oil has the effect of increasing the elasticity and toughness of blood vessels, so it can be used to inhibit the development of atherosclerosis and prevent the malignant development of the disease.
Fish oil has long been used abroad to treat diabetes, hypertension and rheumatoid arthritis, so regular use of Fish oil can be very helpful in treating these three groups of people.
Fish oil promotes proper blood circulation in the brain, so it can effectively relieve stress in the brain, thus relieving migraines and reducing the frequency of headaches.
Fish oil has anti-inflammatory and anti-swelling properties, which can help to relieve the discomfort caused by arthritis and can significantly reduce joint pain and swelling.
By understanding the advantages of Fish oil, you will have a new understanding of Fish oil, fully illustrating the benefits of eating Fish oil are still relatively large, as long as you choose the regular brand, it is possible to take long-term, very high nutritional value.
Fatty fish such as salmon, tuna and mackerel contain high levels of two omega-3 essential fatty acids (EFAs), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). EFAs have been shown to have many health benefits, including supporting cardiovascular health and helping to maintain a healthy mood.
Taking fish oil supplements, in liquid or capsule form, is one of the best ways to obtain EFAs when you can’t eat two or more servings of fresh fish per week. To avoid fishy aftertaste, try splitting up your dosage throughout the day, taking capsules with a meal or using a flavored kind.
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Health food is a supplement based on vitamins, minerals, and extracts with a relatively clear structure-activity relationship, which is taken orally to supplement essential nutrients and bioactive substances to improve health and reduce the risk of disease. The following Dietary Supplement manufacturers will introduce you to the characteristics and requirements of Dietary Supplements. Here are some answers.
Here is the content list:
l What are the characteristics of Dietary Supplements?
l What requirements must a Dietary Supplement meet?
The raw materials used in Dietary Supplement are mainly taken from natural species, but there are also safe and reliable substances produced through chemical or biological technology, such as plant and animal extracts, vitamins, minerals, amino acids, etc. Generally speaking, the physical and chemical properties of the functional ingredients are relatively stable, the chemical structure is relatively clear, the mechanism of action has been scientifically proven to a certain extent, and the safety, functionality, and quality control meet the regulatory standards.
Dietary Supplement is mainly available in the form of pharmaceutical-like products in the following dosage forms: hard capsules, soft capsules, tablets, oral liquids, granules, powders, etc. The packaging forms are pre-packaged in bottles, drums (boxes), bags, and aluminum blister packs.
Immunity increases with the status of general food can follow the requirements of the "Nutritional Labelling Regulation for Food" issued by the Ministry of Health in 2008 and label the product with nutrition or nutrient function claims. Health food products approved by the health administration can only claim the specific health functions approved, and the publication of advertisements needs to be approved by the State Drug Administration. Dietary Supplement, on the other hand, can only claim to supplement (specifically) nutrients.
Firstly, Dietary Supplement containing more than three (inclusive) vitamins and minerals can only be described as a complex or multiple Dietary Supplement. The label and instructions should indicate each content, recommended intake, method of storage and precautions, etc. Thirdly, Dietary Supplements should consist of one or more vitamins or minerals in the form of tablets, capsules, tablets, or oral liquid; the daily consumption of tablets should not exceed 20 grams and the daily consumption of oral liquid should not exceed 30 ml. Fourthly, Dietary Supplements must obtain a health food approval certificate before they can be manufactured and sold. Fifthly, the excipients added to Dietary Supplements should be mainly to enhance the product's process performance or improve the taste of the product. Sixth, the raw materials and excipients in Skin care should provide their sources and quality standards; chemically synthesized Dietary Supplement raw materials should be "Hygienic Standards for the Use of Food Additives", the relevant circulars of the Ministry of Health or the Pharmacopoeia of the types of Dietary Supplement raw materials allowed to be used and comply with the corresponding provisions, otherwise, Otherwise, it should be evaluated for safety and toxicology concerning the requirements for new food resources and provide scientific proof of safe human intake.
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Sulfur is essential, but for humans, it is not recommended for intake. Instead, recommended intakes have been established for the sulfur-containing amino acids methionine and cysteine. There are Dietary Supplements that provide sulfur, such as taurine. Next, let's take a look at the types of Dietary Supplements available. Here are some answers.
Here is the content list:
l Protein and amino acids
Although, in general, Dietary Supplements are not allowed to be labeled and marketed with claims of disease prevention or treatment, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has conducted a scientific review of certain foods and Dietary Supplements. They concluded that there is a significant scientific consensus and specifically published permissible health words. An initial ruling allowing health claims for calcium Dietary Supplements and osteoporosis was later amended to include calcium supplements with or without vitamin D, effective January 1, 2010. Examples of the permitted wording are shown below. To meet the health requirement for calcium, Health care must contain at least 20% of the reference dietary intake, which for calcium means at least 260 mg/serving.
In the same year, the European Food Safety Authority approved Dietary Supplement's health claims for calcium and vitamin D, which can reduce the risk of osteoporotic fractures by reducing bone loss. The US FDA has also approved Qualified Health Claims (QHC) for calcium, selenium, and chromium picolinate for various health conditions, which have scientific evidence but do not meet the more stringent "significant scientific agreement" criteria required for authorized health claims. If Hard capsules choose to make such a claim, the FDA specifies the exact wording of the QHC to be used in labeling and marketing materials. The wording could be cumbersome: "One study suggests that selenium intake may reduce the risk of bladder cancer in women. However, another smaller study showed that the risk was not reduced. Based on these studies, the FDA concludes whether selenium supplements may reduce the risk of bladder cancer in women."
Whey protein is a popular ingredient, but products may also contain casein, soy, pea, and rice proteins. The same protein ingredients as those commercially available in Immune Supports can be incorporated into meal replacements and medical foods, but they are administered and labeled differently from supplements. In the US, "meal replacement" products are food products and are labeled accordingly. These usually contain protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals. There may be claims such as "good source of protein", "low fat" or "lactose-free". It also designed to be a nutritionally complete medical food that is used under the care of a doctor or other licensed healthcare professional.
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More and more people are choosing Fish oil as a health product, but in the process of buying it, many consumers still have many questions about how to get the real deal and good quality Fish oil. Here, we would like to introduce you to a few ways to choose Fish oil. How do we choose?
This is the list of contents：
·Look at the origin
·Selecting raw materials
·Look at the appearance
·Look at the certification mark
Fish that live in the northern hemisphere generally have more w-3 fatty acids in their bodies, while fish from the southern hemisphere is relatively lean. Currently, the only two areas with the best-preserved natural environment are the Lower Norwegian Sea to the Barents Sea and the Labrador Sea, which naturally produce the highest quality Fish oils. Other regions, such as Australia and New Zealand, are over-exploited due to tourism, so the quality of Fish oil has also been affected to some extent.
Small fish at the bottom of the food chain usually contains fewer contaminants, while larger fish at the top of the food chain accumulate more toxins, so the best sources of Fish oil are small fish such as sardines, rather than salmon, mackerel, seals, etc.
Good Fish oil capsules are uniform in size and free from impurities. Good quality Fish oil capsules should be on the softer side and have no coloring agents added. They are pale yellow, crystal clear and have a very good body, and are not cloudy. A soft Fish oil capsule will not get stuck in the throat and is a better experience, while those capsules that are large and hard are often difficult to swallow and even require the capsule to be broken to pour out the Fish oil before it can be taken.
It is normal for Fish oil capsules to have a slight fishy smell, but if it smells heavy and feels a little top-heavy, it means that there is a problem with the quality and it is likely to be oxidized and spoilt.
If the product has a blue cap, it means that the quality of the product and the efficacy claimed on the packaging are recognized by the state and can be purchased with confidence.
Good Fish oil with a high proportion of EPA and DHA will not condense easily and will quickly return to a liquid state at room temperature, even if it condenses into a solid-state in extremely cold conditions, whereas a Fish oil with a low proportion of EPA and DHA will take longer to return to a liquid state. Therefore, to distinguish between good and bad Fish oil, the first Fish oil to return to liquid form after condensing in the freezer is the one with the highest purity of EPA and DHA.
These are just a few suggestions on how to buy Fish oil for reference. I believe that through this small science, we all have a certain understanding of how to select Fish oil. I hope that in the future when you choose Fish oil products, you can refer to the above six suggestions and buy safe, high-quality Fish oil products to protect the health of your family and friends!
Some of the problems faced by food products can be solved by choosing the right form of Fish oil addition and process to ensure oxidative stability, flavor, and uniformity of Fish oil distribution in the product. There are usually 3 forms to choose from pure Fish oil, emulsion, and microencapsulation, and I will introduce you to each of these below.
Here is the list of contents：
·Pure Fish oil
The direct addition of pure Fish oil is not very widely used in food and is suitable for some bread, pure oil-based products (such as vegetable oil), and other products that do not require high uniformity of dispersion but have high requirements for raw material quality, oxidative stability, and flavor.
1. The quality of Fish oil raw materials directly determines its value and application. High-quality Fish oil not only requires its physical and chemical indicators such as acidity, color, and peroxide value to meet a specific range but more importantly, the content of contaminants in it is strictly controlled.
2. Fish oils are highly susceptible to oxidation and the challenge is to improve their stability. The common methods to maintain the stability of Fish oil include protection from light, heat, low temperature, vacuum or nitrogen storage, etc. The addition of antioxidants is more effective and can achieve effective chelation of metal ions and scavenging of oxygen radicals.
1. The emulsion form allows Fish oil to be evenly dispersed in aqueous food systems, with oil-in-water Fish oil emulsions being more widely used in food systems than water-in-oil types. Several factors can affect the stability of Fish oil emulsions. For example, the DHA in Fish oil emulsions adopts a highly protective conformation at the interface against oxidative attack by free radicals and metal ions.
2. The emulsification process generally involves a homogenization process, where both homogenization pressure and temperature have an impact on stability. The effect of temperature on the oxidative stability of Fish oil emulsions is more complex. Temperature affects the actual composition of the Fish oil interface and it is generally accepted that higher temperatures will accelerate oxidation, but increasing the homogenization temperature within a certain range can change the protein conformation.
1. Fish oil microcapsules are powdered Fish oil products made from Fish oil as a core material, which is encapsulated by a specific process using wall materials. This allows the Fish oil to be isolated from the external environment, delaying oxidation, disguising the fishy smell, and greatly improving dispersibility, providing easy access and stable quality raw materials for Fish oil food production.
2. The traditional process of preparing Fish oil microcapsules is mainly emulsification and spray drying. In the preparation process, it is necessary to choose the appropriate wall-to-core ratio and concentration, to ensure that the embedding effect of the premise takes into account the economy. It is also important to note that the larger the particle size of some microcapsules, the more air that may be encapsulated and the more unstable they are. As market demand increases, several new Fish oil microcapsule processing technologies are emerging.
From the above, we know that the three forms of Fish oil addition have their suitable applications and advantages and disadvantages, but basically, they can meet the application needs of different food systems and obtain a product with nutritional value and stability.
They can be divided in to desired dosage strength without process or formulation changes.
When pellets containing the active ingredient are in the form of suspension, capsules, or disintegrating tablets, they offer significant therapeutic advantages over single unit dosage forms.
They can also be blended to deliver incompatible bioactive agents.
They can also be used to provide different release profile at the same or different sites in the gastrointestinal tract.
Pellets offer high degree of flexibility in the design and development of oral dosage form like suspension,sachet, tablet and capsule.
Pellets disperse freely in gastro intestinal tract (GIT), maximize drug absorption, and minimize local irritation of the mucosa by certain irritant drugs.
Improved flow characteristics: Spheres have excellent flow properties, which can be used in automated processes or in processes where exact dosing is required, e.g. tableting, moulding operations, capsule filling, and packaging.
Coating: Coating of granules is often applied for stabilizing active ingredients in the granule or to control the release of these active ingredients. Typical applications in the pharmaceutical industry are the controlled release medicines. The easiest shape to coat is the sphere due to the absence of edges. It is also the most economical one to coat as no extra coating material is required to fill irregularities in the surface of the granules.
Packing of beds and columns: In certain processes, porous beds or columns are used as chemical reactors. Spherical particles allow the reproduction of beds withalways the same void volume, surface area and permeability. Calculations and predictions of the process characteristics also become easier when round particles are used as many equations are based on flows around symmetrical bodies.
Density increase: Both the true and the bulk density of granules are increased by spheronising. This can improve the process and the packaging.
Marketing: For consumer products, spheronising is sometimes only applied for improved product appearance and marketing reasons.
Hardness and friability: Hardness and friability depend on the internal cohesive forces and surface characteristics. Spheronization increases the hardness and reduces the friability of granules. This will reduce the amount of fines generated during handling or transportation.