There is no single product category for our health food products in the USA. Most health food products can be classified as Dietary Supplement or general food with functional claims, and all of them fall within the scope of food regulation. Next, let's take a look at the scope of a Dietary Supplement in the United States and the regulatory authorities. Here are some answers.
Here is the content list:
l The scope of Dietary Supplement in the USA.
l Regulatory authority for Dietary Supplement in the United States.
A Dietary Supplement is a product (not tobacco) intended to supplement the diet and may contain one or more of the following dietary ingredients: vitamins, minerals, herbs (herbal) or other plants, amino acids, and dietary ingredients to increase the total daily intake, or a concentrate, metabolite, extract or combination of these ingredients. It may not be consumed in the form of tablets, capsules, powders, soft gels, or oral liquids; it may not be consumed as a conventional food or as the sole component of a meal diet. DSHEA also allows the use of pharmaceutical ingredients, such as approved or licensed new drugs, antibiotics, biologics, etc., provided that they have been marketed as Immunity increases or food before the relevant approval, certification, or licensing; however, if they have not been marketed as a Dietary Supplement or food before the relevant approval or certification, they may not be used as a Dietary Supplement. However, if the substance has not been marketed as a Dietary Supplement or food before the relevant approval or certification, it may not be used in Dietary Supplement.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), one of the federal executive agencies of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), is the regulatory authority for Dietary Supplement, which is different from "conventional" foods and drugs, primarily under DSHEA, which was established in 1994. Dietary Supplements and Dietary Ingredients Manufacturers and distributors of dietary supplements and dietary ingredients are responsible for assessing the safety and labeling of their products before marketing to ensure that they meet all the requirements of DSHEA and the relevant FDA regulations. The Centre for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) is responsible for the safety and labeling of the Hard capsules. The National Institutes of Health (NIH), one of the HHS divisions, focuses on scientific research and the NIH Office of Dietary Supplement (ODS) coordinates the overall management of the Dietary Supplement. The common goal of NIH and FDA is to promote public health by facilitating the translation of basic and clinical research into medical products and treatments. These agencies complement each other in their roles and functions: NIH supports and conducts biomedical and behavioral research, and FDA ensures the safety and efficacy of medical and other products. In addition, the Committee on Dietary Supplement Labelling (CDSL) examines the regulatory and Dietary Supplement claims on labels and provides recommendations on how best to provide consumers with information that is truthful, scientifically valid, and not misleading. The Commission is composed of seven members appointed by the President. The members of the committee should have expertise and experience in the manufacture, regulation, distribution, and use of Dietary Supplement. At least three of the members should have scientific training and experience to assess the health benefits of Dietary Supplement use, and one of the members should have experience in pharmacology, medical botany, traditional herbal medicine, or other science-related fields. Committee members and staff should be free from bias on Dietary Supplement issues.
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The advantages of the tablet dosage form are:
1. They are unit dosage form and offer the greatest capabilities of all oral dosage form for the greatest dose precision and the least content variability.
2. Cost is lowest of all oral dosage form.
3. Lighter and compact.
4. Easiest and cheapest to package and strip.
5. Easy to swallowing with least tendency for hang‐up.
6. Sustained release product is possible by enteric coating.
7. Objectionable odour and bitter taste can be masked by coating technique.
8. Suitable for large scale production.
9. Greatest chemical and microbial stability over all oral dosage form.
10. Product identification is easy and rapid requiring no additional steps when employing an embossed and/or monogrammed punch face.
Disadvantages of tablet dosage form are:
1. Difficult to swallow in case of children and unconscious patients.
2. Some drugs resist compression into dense compacts, owing to amorphous nature, low density character.
3. Drugs with poor wetting, slow dissolution properties, optimum absorption high in GIT may be difficult to formulate or manufacture as a tablet that will still provide adequate or full drug bioavailability.
4. Bitter testing drugs, drugs with an objectionable odor or drugs that are sensitive to oxygen may require encapsulation or coating. In such cases, capsule may offer the best and lowest cost.
More and more people are choosing Fish oil as a health product, but in the process of buying it, many consumers still have many questions about how to get the real deal and good quality Fish oil. Here, we would like to introduce you to a few ways to choose Fish oil. How do we choose?
This is the list of contents：
·Look at the origin
·Selecting raw materials
·Look at the appearance
·Look at the certification mark
Fish that live in the northern hemisphere generally have more w-3 fatty acids in their bodies, while fish from the southern hemisphere is relatively lean. Currently, the only two areas with the best-preserved natural environment are the Lower Norwegian Sea to the Barents Sea and the Labrador Sea, which naturally produce the highest quality Fish oils. Other regions, such as Australia and New Zealand, are over-exploited due to tourism, so the quality of Fish oil has also been affected to some extent.
Small fish at the bottom of the food chain usually contains fewer contaminants, while larger fish at the top of the food chain accumulate more toxins, so the best sources of Fish oil are small fish such as sardines, rather than salmon, mackerel, seals, etc.
Good Fish oil capsules are uniform in size and free from impurities. Good quality Fish oil capsules should be on the softer side and have no coloring agents added. They are pale yellow, crystal clear and have a very good body, and are not cloudy. A soft Fish oil capsule will not get stuck in the throat and is a better experience, while those capsules that are large and hard are often difficult to swallow and even require the capsule to be broken to pour out the Fish oil before it can be taken.
It is normal for Fish oil capsules to have a slight fishy smell, but if it smells heavy and feels a little top-heavy, it means that there is a problem with the quality and it is likely to be oxidized and spoilt.
If the product has a blue cap, it means that the quality of the product and the efficacy claimed on the packaging are recognized by the state and can be purchased with confidence.
Good Fish oil with a high proportion of EPA and DHA will not condense easily and will quickly return to a liquid state at room temperature, even if it condenses into a solid-state in extremely cold conditions, whereas a Fish oil with a low proportion of EPA and DHA will take longer to return to a liquid state. Therefore, to distinguish between good and bad Fish oil, the first Fish oil to return to liquid form after condensing in the freezer is the one with the highest purity of EPA and DHA.
These are just a few suggestions on how to buy Fish oil for reference. I believe that through this small science, we all have a certain understanding of how to select Fish oil. I hope that in the future when you choose Fish oil products, you can refer to the above six suggestions and buy safe, high-quality Fish oil products to protect the health of your family and friends!
Essential oils are liquid products of steam or water distillation of plant parts (leaves, stems, bark, seeds, fruits, roots and plant exudates). Expression is used exclusively for the extraction of citrus oil from the fruit peel, because the chemical components of the oil are easily damaged by heat. Citrus oil production is now a major by-product process of the juice industry. An essential oil may contain up to several hundred chemical compounds and this complex mixture of compounds gives the oil its characteristic fragrance and flavour. An essential oil may also be fractioned and sold as individual natural components. Other processing options can also produce further products that can be sold alongside essential oils. The plant parts can be extracted with organic solvents to produce oleoresins, concretes and absolutes or extracted with a near or supercritical solvent such as carbon dioxide to produce very high quality extracts. These oleoresins and extracts contain not only the volatile essential oil but also the concentrated non-volatile flavour components and these have wide application in the food and pharmaceutical industries. The solvent extraction processes are more difficult and complex than steam distillation and will normally be beyond the financial resources of most small scale processors, but supplying the raw materials to these extraction plants can be a market option.
The most important spices traditionally traded throughout the world are products of tropical environments. The major exceptions to this group are the capsicums (chilli peppers, paprika), and coriander which are grown over a much wider range of tropical and non- tropical environments. Production of spices and essential oils in these wet and humid environments brings special difficulties for crop and product management. Drying the crop to ensure a stable stored product is of particular importance, and in wet humid environments this creates the need for efficient and effective drying systems.
A Dietary Supplement should not be taken more than the recommended dosage or in conjunction with similar nutrient supplements to avoid adverse effects from excessive intake. Drug-nutrient interactions may affect the efficacy of drugs, cause acute or chronic drug toxicity, and may reduce the effectiveness of nutrients and should be taken into consideration when consuming the Hard capsules. In addition, people in high selenium areas should not consume selenium supplements to prevent excessive intake of selenium. So, apart from that, what else do you know about using the Dietary Supplement? Here are some answers.
Here is the content list:
l Dietary Supplement is not a substitute for the normal three meals.
l Dietary supplements should be consumed appropriately.
Dietary Supplement is not a substitute for eating three normal meals. Our diet and lifestyle habits have the greatest impact on our health. Natural foods such as vegetables, fruits, and meat contain the most comprehensive range of nutrients, so the first thing to do is to eat three well-balanced meals and get the nutrients you need from a balanced diet. Under normal circumstances, if a person has no bad habits and eats a well-balanced and well-absorbed diet, there is no shortage of nutrients and certainly no need for supplements. Some people may have poor absorption of nutrients for some reason or may need to supplement if their absorption of nutrients increases. Children have an increased need for nutrients during their growth and development and need to take appropriate supplements, especially for trace elements such as calcium, iron, zinc, and other essential amino acids. Primary and secondary school students are at a critical stage in their growth and development and have a high volume of daily studies, so they should take appropriate supplements but should follow medical advice.
The proportions of various nutrients in different foods vary greatly and some people need appropriate vitamin supplements. Zinc supplements should be supplemented with foods rich in zinc, such as meat and animal offal. When supplementing with vitamins or trace elements, it is important to pay attention to the ratio between them, when supplementing with calcium and other trace elements, it is important to pay attention to their absorption and utilization in the body. For urbanites who are not usually physically active, supplementation should be accompanied by increased exercise to promote nutrient absorption. There is a limit to the intake of nutrients beyond which Dietary Supplements can cause unnecessary trouble.
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They can be divided in to desired dosage strength without process or formulation changes.
When pellets containing the active ingredient are in the form of suspension, capsules, or disintegrating tablets, they offer significant therapeutic advantages over single unit dosage forms.
They can also be blended to deliver incompatible bioactive agents.
They can also be used to provide different release profile at the same or different sites in the gastrointestinal tract.
Pellets offer high degree of flexibility in the design and development of oral dosage form like suspension,sachet, tablet and capsule.
Pellets disperse freely in gastro intestinal tract (GIT), maximize drug absorption, and minimize local irritation of the mucosa by certain irritant drugs.
Improved flow characteristics: Spheres have excellent flow properties, which can be used in automated processes or in processes where exact dosing is required, e.g. tableting, moulding operations, capsule filling, and packaging.
Coating: Coating of granules is often applied for stabilizing active ingredients in the granule or to control the release of these active ingredients. Typical applications in the pharmaceutical industry are the controlled release medicines. The easiest shape to coat is the sphere due to the absence of edges. It is also the most economical one to coat as no extra coating material is required to fill irregularities in the surface of the granules.
Packing of beds and columns: In certain processes, porous beds or columns are used as chemical reactors. Spherical particles allow the reproduction of beds withalways the same void volume, surface area and permeability. Calculations and predictions of the process characteristics also become easier when round particles are used as many equations are based on flows around symmetrical bodies.
Density increase: Both the true and the bulk density of granules are increased by spheronising. This can improve the process and the packaging.
Marketing: For consumer products, spheronising is sometimes only applied for improved product appearance and marketing reasons.
Hardness and friability: Hardness and friability depend on the internal cohesive forces and surface characteristics. Spheronization increases the hardness and reduces the friability of granules. This will reduce the amount of fines generated during handling or transportation.
Chinese New Year, also known as Spring Festival or the Lunar New Year,
is the festival that celebrates the beginning of a new year on the traditional Chinese calendar.
Hope everything will goes well with everybody in this new year!