There is no single product category for our health food products in the USA. Most health food products can be classified as Dietary Supplement or general food with functional claims, and all of them fall within the scope of food regulation. Next, let's take a look at the scope of a Dietary Supplement in the United States and the regulatory authorities. Here are some answers.
Here is the content list:
l The scope of Dietary Supplement in the USA.
l Regulatory authority for Dietary Supplement in the United States.
A Dietary Supplement is a product (not tobacco) intended to supplement the diet and may contain one or more of the following dietary ingredients: vitamins, minerals, herbs (herbal) or other plants, amino acids, and dietary ingredients to increase the total daily intake, or a concentrate, metabolite, extract or combination of these ingredients. It may not be consumed in the form of tablets, capsules, powders, soft gels, or oral liquids; it may not be consumed as a conventional food or as the sole component of a meal diet. DSHEA also allows the use of pharmaceutical ingredients, such as approved or licensed new drugs, antibiotics, biologics, etc., provided that they have been marketed as Immunity increases or food before the relevant approval, certification, or licensing; however, if they have not been marketed as a Dietary Supplement or food before the relevant approval or certification, they may not be used as a Dietary Supplement. However, if the substance has not been marketed as a Dietary Supplement or food before the relevant approval or certification, it may not be used in Dietary Supplement.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), one of the federal executive agencies of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), is the regulatory authority for Dietary Supplement, which is different from "conventional" foods and drugs, primarily under DSHEA, which was established in 1994. Dietary Supplements and Dietary Ingredients Manufacturers and distributors of dietary supplements and dietary ingredients are responsible for assessing the safety and labeling of their products before marketing to ensure that they meet all the requirements of DSHEA and the relevant FDA regulations. The Centre for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) is responsible for the safety and labeling of the Hard capsules. The National Institutes of Health (NIH), one of the HHS divisions, focuses on scientific research and the NIH Office of Dietary Supplement (ODS) coordinates the overall management of the Dietary Supplement. The common goal of NIH and FDA is to promote public health by facilitating the translation of basic and clinical research into medical products and treatments. These agencies complement each other in their roles and functions: NIH supports and conducts biomedical and behavioral research, and FDA ensures the safety and efficacy of medical and other products. In addition, the Committee on Dietary Supplement Labelling (CDSL) examines the regulatory and Dietary Supplement claims on labels and provides recommendations on how best to provide consumers with information that is truthful, scientifically valid, and not misleading. The Commission is composed of seven members appointed by the President. The members of the committee should have expertise and experience in the manufacture, regulation, distribution, and use of Dietary Supplement. At least three of the members should have scientific training and experience to assess the health benefits of Dietary Supplement use, and one of the members should have experience in pharmacology, medical botany, traditional herbal medicine, or other science-related fields. Committee members and staff should be free from bias on Dietary Supplement issues.
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Fatty fish such as salmon, tuna and mackerel contain high levels of two omega-3 essential fatty acids (EFAs), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). EFAs have been shown to have many health benefits, including supporting cardiovascular health and helping to maintain a healthy mood.
Taking fish oil supplements, in liquid or capsule form, is one of the best ways to obtain EFAs when you can’t eat two or more servings of fresh fish per week. To avoid fishy aftertaste, try splitting up your dosage throughout the day, taking capsules with a meal or using a flavored kind.
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Scientists are studying omega-3s to understand how they affect health. People who eat fish and other seafood have a lower risk of several chronic diseases. But it is not clear whether these health benefits come from simply eating these foods or from the omega-3s in these foods. Here are some examples ofwhat the research has shown.
Many studies show that eating fatty fish and other types of seafood as part of a healthy eating pattern helps keep your heart healthy and helps protect you from some heart problems. Getting more EPA and DHA from foods or dietary supplements lowers triglyceride levels, for example.
The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends eating one to two servings of seafood per week to reduce your risk of some heart problems, especially if you consume the seafood in place of less healthy foods. For people with heart disease,the AHA recommends consuming about 1 g per day EPA plus DHA, preferably from oily fish, but supplements are an option under the guidance ofa healthcare provider. The AHA does not recommend omega-3 supplements for people who do not have a high risk of cardiovascular disease.
Health food is a supplement based on vitamins, minerals, and extracts with a relatively clear structure-activity relationship, which is taken orally to supplement essential nutrients and bioactive substances to improve health and reduce the risk of disease. The following Dietary Supplement manufacturers will introduce you to the characteristics and requirements of Dietary Supplements. Here are some answers.
Here is the content list:
l What are the characteristics of Dietary Supplements?
l What requirements must a Dietary Supplement meet?
The raw materials used in Dietary Supplement are mainly taken from natural species, but there are also safe and reliable substances produced through chemical or biological technology, such as plant and animal extracts, vitamins, minerals, amino acids, etc. Generally speaking, the physical and chemical properties of the functional ingredients are relatively stable, the chemical structure is relatively clear, the mechanism of action has been scientifically proven to a certain extent, and the safety, functionality, and quality control meet the regulatory standards.
Dietary Supplement is mainly available in the form of pharmaceutical-like products in the following dosage forms: hard capsules, soft capsules, tablets, oral liquids, granules, powders, etc. The packaging forms are pre-packaged in bottles, drums (boxes), bags, and aluminum blister packs.
Immunity increases with the status of general food can follow the requirements of the "Nutritional Labelling Regulation for Food" issued by the Ministry of Health in 2008 and label the product with nutrition or nutrient function claims. Health food products approved by the health administration can only claim the specific health functions approved, and the publication of advertisements needs to be approved by the State Drug Administration. Dietary Supplement, on the other hand, can only claim to supplement (specifically) nutrients.
Firstly, Dietary Supplement containing more than three (inclusive) vitamins and minerals can only be described as a complex or multiple Dietary Supplement. The label and instructions should indicate each content, recommended intake, method of storage and precautions, etc. Thirdly, Dietary Supplements should consist of one or more vitamins or minerals in the form of tablets, capsules, tablets, or oral liquid; the daily consumption of tablets should not exceed 20 grams and the daily consumption of oral liquid should not exceed 30 ml. Fourthly, Dietary Supplements must obtain a health food approval certificate before they can be manufactured and sold. Fifthly, the excipients added to Dietary Supplements should be mainly to enhance the product's process performance or improve the taste of the product. Sixth, the raw materials and excipients in Skin care should provide their sources and quality standards; chemically synthesized Dietary Supplement raw materials should be "Hygienic Standards for the Use of Food Additives", the relevant circulars of the Ministry of Health or the Pharmacopoeia of the types of Dietary Supplement raw materials allowed to be used and comply with the corresponding provisions, otherwise, Otherwise, it should be evaluated for safety and toxicology concerning the requirements for new food resources and provide scientific proof of safe human intake.
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Fish oil is already a familiar health product. People who are usually busy with work, overuse their brains, middle-aged and elderly can increase their memory, improve their concentration and prevent dementia by taking Fish oil afterward.
This is the list of contents：
·Protect your eyesight
·Regulates blood lipids
·Prevention of blood clots
·Regulating blood pressure
·Boosts the immune system
·Relieves joint aches and pains
Fish oil has a brain-boosting effect, by promoting the rapid development of brain cells, it can play a role in improving memory, as well as intellectual decline, forgetfulness, and the effects of dementia. A proper intake of Fish oil in life can effectively help us to increase the DHA content in the brain, which is also helpful for brain cells, whether it is for the elderly or children. When the DHA content is increased, it can promote the nerve health of our brain and allow them to grow and develop at an increased rate. It also provides some relief for our memory and our brain's sensory abilities.
Protect your eyesight
For people who use their eyes a lot, taking Fish oil regularly can help to relieve eye strain and protect your eyesight. Fish oil can provide the DHA needed to reduce the risk of eye disease and eye fatigue because of the large amount of DHA needed in the brain and retina.
Fish oil can reduce the levels of LDL, cholesterol, and triglycerides in the blood. It also provides beneficial HDL, which helps to accelerate the metabolism of saturated fatty acids in the body and prevent the long-term accumulation of fatty acids in the walls of blood vessels.
The substances in Fish oil can effectively control blood lipids, so it is good for cardiovascular protection and can also prevent the development of cardiovascular diseases. Unhealthy eating habits can often lead to an increase in blood lipids, causing a risk of cardiovascular disease. can reduce the risk of angina and heart attacks.
Many people suffer from blood clots and cerebral infarction due to increased blood viscosity, and taking Fish oil can reduce blood viscosity and prevent blood clots, cerebral thrombosis, and cerebral infarction.
High blood pressure is a chronic disease and Fish oil is effective in relieving tension in blood vessels, preventing blood vessel spasms, and regulating blood pressure.
Fish oil has the effect of increasing the elasticity and toughness of blood vessels, so it can be used to inhibit the development of atherosclerosis and prevent the malignant development of the disease.
Fish oil has long been used abroad to treat diabetes, hypertension and rheumatoid arthritis, so regular use of Fish oil can be very helpful in treating these three groups of people.
Fish oil promotes proper blood circulation in the brain, so it can effectively relieve stress in the brain, thus relieving migraines and reducing the frequency of headaches.
Fish oil has anti-inflammatory and anti-swelling properties, which can help to relieve the discomfort caused by arthritis and can significantly reduce joint pain and swelling.
By understanding the advantages of Fish oil, you will have a new understanding of Fish oil, fully illustrating the benefits of eating Fish oil are still relatively large, as long as you choose the regular brand, it is possible to take long-term, very high nutritional value.
Some of the problems faced by food products can be solved by choosing the right form of Fish oil addition and process to ensure oxidative stability, flavor, and uniformity of Fish oil distribution in the product. There are usually 3 forms to choose from pure Fish oil, emulsion, and microencapsulation, and I will introduce you to each of these below.
Here is the list of contents：
·Pure Fish oil
The direct addition of pure Fish oil is not very widely used in food and is suitable for some bread, pure oil-based products (such as vegetable oil), and other products that do not require high uniformity of dispersion but have high requirements for raw material quality, oxidative stability, and flavor.
1. The quality of Fish oil raw materials directly determines its value and application. High-quality Fish oil not only requires its physical and chemical indicators such as acidity, color, and peroxide value to meet a specific range but more importantly, the content of contaminants in it is strictly controlled.
2. Fish oils are highly susceptible to oxidation and the challenge is to improve their stability. The common methods to maintain the stability of Fish oil include protection from light, heat, low temperature, vacuum or nitrogen storage, etc. The addition of antioxidants is more effective and can achieve effective chelation of metal ions and scavenging of oxygen radicals.
1. The emulsion form allows Fish oil to be evenly dispersed in aqueous food systems, with oil-in-water Fish oil emulsions being more widely used in food systems than water-in-oil types. Several factors can affect the stability of Fish oil emulsions. For example, the DHA in Fish oil emulsions adopts a highly protective conformation at the interface against oxidative attack by free radicals and metal ions.
2. The emulsification process generally involves a homogenization process, where both homogenization pressure and temperature have an impact on stability. The effect of temperature on the oxidative stability of Fish oil emulsions is more complex. Temperature affects the actual composition of the Fish oil interface and it is generally accepted that higher temperatures will accelerate oxidation, but increasing the homogenization temperature within a certain range can change the protein conformation.
1. Fish oil microcapsules are powdered Fish oil products made from Fish oil as a core material, which is encapsulated by a specific process using wall materials. This allows the Fish oil to be isolated from the external environment, delaying oxidation, disguising the fishy smell, and greatly improving dispersibility, providing easy access and stable quality raw materials for Fish oil food production.
2. The traditional process of preparing Fish oil microcapsules is mainly emulsification and spray drying. In the preparation process, it is necessary to choose the appropriate wall-to-core ratio and concentration, to ensure that the embedding effect of the premise takes into account the economy. It is also important to note that the larger the particle size of some microcapsules, the more air that may be encapsulated and the more unstable they are. As market demand increases, several new Fish oil microcapsule processing technologies are emerging.
From the above, we know that the three forms of Fish oil addition have their suitable applications and advantages and disadvantages, but basically, they can meet the application needs of different food systems and obtain a product with nutritional value and stability.
Plant oil is a compound made from unsaturated fatty acids and glycerol chemistry and is the oil obtained from the fruits, seeds, and germ of plants, such as peanut oil, soybean oil, flax oil, and castor oil, rapeseed oil, etc. Plant oil is obtained from oil-rich plant seed kernel as raw material, after a series of pretreatment, and then extracted by mechanical pressing or solvent leaching to obtain crude oil, which is refined. It is effective in providing energy, supplementing nutrition, treating constipation, and enhancing memory.
Here is the content list：
l Provides energy
l Supplements nutrition
l Treats constipation
l Enhances memory
l Prevent diseases
l Nutritional value
Plant oil can provide energy for the body. Plant oil contains protein and carbohydrates, which are good for the health of the body. It is also very healthy to choose plant oil when frying, and it is not easy to cause the body to gain weight.
Plant oil contains a variety of unsaturated fatty acids and vitamins, often eat plant oil, you can supplement a variety of nutrients, and eat a healthy body. Plant oil is rich in vitamins A, E, D, and K. They can meet the body's need for vitamins. Vitamin A can prevent night blindness, vitamin E can fight age, vitamin D can prevent rickets, and vitamin K is vital to the blood clotting system. In addition, plant oil is also rich in calcium, iron, potassium, and many other trace elements. Calcium is self-evident to the human body and can prevent osteoporosis, iron can prevent iron deficiency anemia, and potassium can stabilize blood pressure.
Plant oil has a digestive effect, the role of lubrication, eating is often dry and easy to form constipation, heat some plant oil can play the role of lubrication, can effectively treat constipation.
Plant oil contains vitamin E, as well as a certain amount of zinc, choline, and other components, which can help enhance memory, delay the decline of brain function, and effective anti-aging.
Plant oil is mainly composed of unsaturated fatty acids, which is different from the saturated fatty acids in animal oil. Unsaturated fatty acids will lower fat and cholesterol, which helps prevent high blood cholesterol. By the same token, plant oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids, which can stabilize blood lipids, soften blood vessels and prevent atherosclerosis.
Plant oil mainly contains vitamin E, vitamin K, calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, other minerals, fatty acids, and so on. The fatty acids in plant oil can make the skin moist and shiny. The main components of palm oil and coconut oil in plant oil are saturated fatty acids, which are the same as animal fats, so they are solid at room temperature. Most plant oils, such as peanut oil, safflower oil, mustard seed oil, corn oil, flaxseed oil, nut oil, hemp oil, soybean oil, and sunflower oil, are composed primarily of unsaturated fatty acids and are therefore liquid at room temperature. It is recommended to consume those plant oils that are mainly composed of monounsaturated fatty acids. Plant oils rich in monounsaturated fatty acids include mustard seed oil, olive oil, and peanut oil. Plant oils that are high in polyunsaturated fatty acids include corn oil, safflower oil, soybean oil, sunflower seed oil, and sesame oil, all of which have a unique flavor.
The above is all the explanation of the benefits of plant oils for people in this article, and I hope it can help you to have a deeper understanding of plant oils.